WOOD ID POSTER:
co-created by, and sponsored by, HobbitHouse


240 woods on a poster (24"x36")


www.woodposter.com

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FIR

Abies spp.

Abies spp. of the family Pinaceae. There are over 5 dozen species in the genus Abies that have the word fir as all or part of one or more of their common names and I have no idea which of them are represented on this page. ALSO, there are more that 130 OTHER species, from dozens of genera, that also have the word fir as all or part of one or more of their common names. It is my intent that the woods on this page be from the genus Abies.

Note: Douglas-fir, referred to on this web site (incorrectly, I realize) as "douglas fir" or "fir, douglas" is Pseudotsuga menziesii with Abies taxifolia as one of its numerous synonyms, and has its own page on this web site as "fir, douglas"

Lumber yards (and big box stores) often do not sell fir specifically but rather sell what they call "spruce-pine-fir", which mean you may get any of those three (and often couldn't tell the difference anyway)



my samples: --- colors are accurate throughout


both sides of a sample plank of grand fir / Albies grandis


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of grand fir / Albies grandis --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of balsam fir / Abies balsamea --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of balsam fir / Abies balsamea --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of concolor fir / Abies concolor --- HUGE enlargements are present.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Fraser fir / Albies fraseri


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above --- the closeup should be slightly more yellow


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Fraser fir / Abies fraseri --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of greek fir / Abies cephalonica --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of noble fir / Abies procera --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of salween fir / Abies chensiensis (a Chinese fir) --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site. The yellow tint in these pics is way too extreme.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of salween fir / Abies chensiensis (a Chinese fir) --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Pacific silver fir / Abies amabilis --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of subalpine fir / Abies lasiocarpa --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of sacred fir / Abies religiosa --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of white fir / Abies concolor --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of California red fir / Abies magnifica --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Japanese fir / Abies firma --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


small fir pieces and end grain --- these are all from the same plank


small fir pieces and end grain --- these are all from the same plank


sample plank and end grain sold to me as Algerian fir / Abies numidica; just based on this very small sample plank, I'd say that this is an unusually light wood. I believe that the black lines are spalting but it is remotely possible that they are water stain.


end grain closeup and END GRAIN UPDATE of the piece directly above




I bought a batch of this as a mystery wood. It definitely looked to me to be some form of fir, but I was not 100% positive about that so I left it on the Mystery Wood page (#140) for a couple of years and when I started my END GRAIN UPDATE process I got a good clear look at the end grain and after comparing it closely with various species of larch, pine, and cedar I'm satisfied that it is fir. Also, the weight is right for fir. There are actually TWO weights for this batch, what I'm calling the "light" and the "heavy" (see below) with the "light" being about 23 lbs/cubic foot and the "heavy" being 30lbs/cubic foot, both of which are reasonable for fir.


"light" pieces and closeup


"heavy" pieces and closeup


end grain of both (one light piece on top, two heavy below)


face grain (and end grain) of a sanded piece


side grain of the same piece as directly above


end grain and END GRAIN UPDATE of the piece directly above. It was this end grain update that finally convinced me to move it from the Mystery Wood page here to the fir page.




quartersawn veneer with accurately shown reddish color; this looks exactly like a plank I had, after it had been exposed to the air and light for a long time.



The Wood Book pics


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
balsam fir (Abies balsamea, also listed as just "balsam" and balm-of-Gilead fir) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
California white fir (Abies concolor) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
Shasta fir (Abies magnifica, also listed as California red fir and magnificent fir) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
grand fir (Abies grandis, listed as great silver fir) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
noble fir (Abies nobilis, also listed as Oregon larch) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
bristlecone fir (Abies venusta, also listed as Santa Lucia silver fir) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
amabilia fir (Abies amabilis, also listed as red silver fir) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain
Fraser fir (Abies fraseri) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for each of the 3 views



web pics:

no designation other than "fir"



planks just listed as "fir")


plank end grain (just listed as fir)


slab and closeup


slab


moulding just listed as fir


paneling




balsam fir



balsam fir plank


balsam fir end grain




grand fir



grand fir plank


grand fir end grain






silver fir / European silver fir

plank listed as European silver fir / Abies alba and with wet and dry sections


European silver fir / Abies alba, flat cut, quartersawn and 2 shots of end grain


European silver fir / Abies alba flat cut veneer


silver fir veneer


silver fir plank




Spanish fir

Spanish fir end grain




white fir



planks listed as white fir





fir section on a laminated bowl. The pic on the left is fresh off the lathe and the one on the right is after one coat of natural stain. The wood behind the fir is bubinga.