open main page here



SPRUCE, MISC

Picea spp.


A NOTE ABOUT SPRUCE SPECIES IN THE USA



Picea spp. of the family Pinaceae, the pine family

Woods commonly called spruce are from the genus Picea which consists of over 50 species that grow mostly in North America, Europe, and Asia and share about 150 common names amoung themselves. There are several well known varieties (a few of which are represented below) with dozens of common names.

I used to comment here that spruce was famous for being the wood Howard Hughes used to build the "Spruce Goose" of aviation fame (or infamy, depending on how you look at it) but alert reader Gabriel Sroka pointed out to me that the name was just an alliterative and derisive one used to mock Hughes and the plane. The plane was actually built from Baltic birch.

Although generally very bland in appearance, its natural resonance qualities make spruce an ideal choice for musical instrument soundboards. Sitka and Engelmann spruce in particular seem to be favored for that purpose. Both of those varieties have their own page on this site.

my samples:
NOTE: these pics were all taken in very bright incandescent lighting ("soft white" at 2700K)
colors will vary under other lighting conditions


both sides of a sample plank sold to me as spruce / Picea spp. (note: the plank is spliced, thus the odd pattern on the end grain and the line about 1/3rd of the way down the face)


end grain and end grain closeup of the sample plank directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of blue spruce / Picea pungens


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of blue spruce / Picea pungens --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of blue spruce / Picea pungens --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of blue spruce / Picea pungens --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


face grain and end grain of a piece of flat cut blue spruce / Picea spp. contributed to the site by Mark Peet whom I thank for this and other contributions.


end grain closeup and END GRAIN UPDATE of the piece directly above


face grain and end grain of a piece of flat cut blue spruce / Picea spp. contributed to the site by Mark Peet whom I thank for this and other contributions.


end grain closeup and END GRAIN UPDATE of the piece directly above


face grain and end grain of a piece of quartersawn blue spruce / Picea spp. contributed to the site by Mark Peet whom I thank for this and other contributions. On the face near the left end there is a streak caused by an adventitious bud.


end grain closeup and END GRAIN UPDATE of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of red spruce / Picea rubens


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of red spruce / Picea rubens --- HUGE enlargements are present


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of red spruce / Picea rubens --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of red spruce / Picea rubens --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


first face and the end grain of a sample of red spruce / Picea rubens This part of a collection which is discussed here: COLLECTION A


the second face, before and after sanding, showing how the patina from aging is only surface deep.


end grain closeup and END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above.


both sides of a sample plank of white spruce / Picea glauca --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Serbian spruce / Picea omorika --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Serbian spruce / Picea omorika --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of black spruce / Picea mariana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Brewer's spruce / Picea breweriana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Brewer's spruce / Picea breweriana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Oriental spruce / Picea orientalis --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of grafted Oriental spruce grafted / Picea orientalis --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site. The darker area is the scion (the part that was grafted on) and the lighter part is the root. I don't know which one is Picea orientalis, but I assume it's the scion.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of koyama spruce / Picea koyamae --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by Mark Peet whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site. Vendor misspelled the specific epithet as "koymai".


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of spruce, Alberta / Picea glauca var conica --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


The Wood Book pics


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
red spruce (Picea rubens, also listed as double spruce) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
white spruce (Picea alba) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
blue spruce (Picea parryana, also listed as silver spruce) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views

web pics:


log end grain specified only as spruce


log end of white spruce / Picea lauca


plank with wet and dry sections


planks


plank with a color that is just silly


plank listed as Canadian spruce / Picea glauca


red spruce planks


plank listed as red spruce / Adirondack spruce / Picea rubens


white spruce plank


European spruce plank


blue spruce plank


veneer just listed as spruce


Adirondack spruce veneer


yellow spruce veneer


German spruce veneer


wormy spruce planks --- whoa !!! Those were some active worms !


knotty spruce veneer


red spruce guitar sets


guitar sets listed as red spruce / Adirondack spruce





spruce guitar fronts --- Although very bland in appearance, its natural resonance qualities make spruce an ideal choice for musical instrument soundboards.


Alpine spruce guitar


red spruce guitar


bearclaw spruce guitar tops shot at various craft fairs or woodworking shows. I ASSUME that these are all sitka spruce since that is, as far as I'm aware, the only spruce that exhibits bear claw figure, but since it was not specifically identified as sitka, I've left it here on the misc page. HUGE enlargments are present and the bearclaw shows up better in them.