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MAGNOLIA

Magnolia spp.

Magnolia spp. of the family Magnoliaceae, including at least the following (this list is not comprehensive but is extensive enough to give a good idea of the range of species and the overlap of common names among them):

Magnolia acuminata (cucumber, blue, mountain, yellow flower)
Magnolia ashei (ashe)
Magnolia chempaka (chempaka)
Magnolia cordata (yellow cucumber)
Magnolia ernestii (yellow lily tree)
Magnolia frasierii (mountain, frasier's)
Magnolia grandiflora (American, evergreen, southern, sweet)
Magnolia grandifolia (southern)
Magnolia guatemalensis (Guatamalan, Honduran)
Magnolia iltisiana (Mexican)
Magnolia kobus (Japanese, northern Japanese)
Magnolia macrophylla (bigleaf, greatleaved, largeleaved, silverleaved)
Magnolia microcarpa (sprenger)
Magnolia obovata (Japanese cucumber, white leaf Japanese, honoli-silver, Japanese red, Japanese silver)
Magnolia poasana (Costa Rican)
Magnolia pyramidata (pryamid, mountain)
Magnolia salicifolia (willow leaf)
Magnolia sharpii (Mexican)
Magnolia sororum (Costa Rican, Panamanian)
Magnolia x soulangeana (saucer, Chinese)
Magnolia sprengeri (sprenger)
Magnolia tripetala (American, umbrella)
Magnolia virginiana (swamp, sweetbay, southern sweetbay, Virginian)
Magnolia yoroconte (redondo)

I have no idea of the extent of variability of the wood characteristics among the species, but it would be quite surprising if there were not some significant differences, given the large number of species that are all generally called "magnolia" of one kind or another.



my samples:


both sides of a sample plank listed as cucumbertree / Magnolia acuminata


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above (upside down)


both sides of a sample plank of cucumbertree / Magnolia acuminata --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above --- as you can see from the end grain shot directly above, this piece had some very deep rough spots and this update did not get rid of them so it looks a bit "spotty" but the fine grain detail is otherwise clearly visible.


both sides of a cucumber magnolia sample piece.


end grain and HIGH GRIT END GRAIN CLOSEUP of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of cucumbertree / Magnolia acuminata --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of cucumbertree / Magnolia acuminata --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of sweetbay / Magnolia virginiana --- wood is more of a pale yellow than the whitish color shown.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of sweetbay / Magnolia virginiana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of sweetbay / Magnolia virginiana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of sweetbay magnolia / Magnolia virginiana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of sweetbay magnolia / Magnolia virginiana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample piece of spalted sweet bay magnolia. The spalting lines are much clearer in the enlargements. You can also see a little blue stain on this piece.


end grain and HIGH GRIT END GRAIN CLOSEUP of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Southern magnolia / Magnolia grandiflora


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above



both sides of a sample plank listed as Southern magnolia / Magnolia grandiflora --- the crappy quality is because it is from the IWCS (not ALL of their samples were crappy, just a great many of them). The slight greenish tinge is correct.


end grain and end grain closeup of the sample plank directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Southern magnolia / Magnolia grandiflora --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Southern magnolia / Magnolia grandiflora --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of saucer magnolia / Magnolia x soulangeana --- HUGE enlargements are present


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of bigleaf magnolia / Magnolia macrophylla --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of bigleaf magnolia / Magnolia macrophylla --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Northern Japanese magnolia / Magnolia kobus --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of willow leaf magnolia / Magnolia salicifolia --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of willow leaf magnolica / Magnolia salicifolia --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of saucer magnolia / Magnolia x soulangeana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of saucer magnolia / Magnolia x soulangeana --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of umbrella magnolia / Magnolia tripetala --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of Japanese cucumber tree / Magnolia obvata --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of yellow lily tree / Magnolia ernestii --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


both sides of a sample plank of yellow lily tree / Magnolia ernestii --- HUGE enlargements are present. This sample was loaned to me by David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


end grain and end grain closeup of the piece directly above


END GRAIN UPDATE from directly above


spalted end grain magnolia scales David Clark whom I thank for this and other contributions to the site.


two sections of the same long veneer piece, and a closeup. This piece and the one directly below were contributed to the site by Daniel Deulen, whom I thank for this and other contributions. The green color is correct.


two sections of the same long veneer piece, and a closeup. The green color is correct.


The Wood Book pics


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
mountain magnolia (Magnolia acuminata aka cucumber tree) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
small magnolia (Magnolia glauca aka sweet bay, white laurel, swamp laurel, and beaver-tree) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora, aka big laurel and bull bay) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views


flat cut, quartersawn, end grain
Fraser magnolia (Magnolia fraseri, aka ear-leaf cucumber tree and long-leaf cucumber tree) from The Wood Book --- both levels of enlargement are available for all 3 views



web pics:


flat cut, quartersawn, and end grain


listed as "cucumber" magnolia --- I had no idea whether that is a common designation or the whimsy of a particular vendor but have now been told by Leamon Hinkle from Kentucky that the designation "cucumber" is used by older men in his region for a very broad-leaved tree, possibly because it has a seed pod that looks somewhat like a cucumber. Inspired by that information I did some further digging and found that there are varieties of magnolia that are in fact commonly called "cucumber tree". Botanical designations for such trees are Magnolia acuminat and Magnolia grandifoli. Thanks, Leamon.


listed as "southern" magnolia, this exact same pic was seen on another site where it was listed as "sweet bay" magnolia


southern magnolia


bowl blank and spalted bowl blank


two planks listed as "tropical green" magnolia --- I suspect that the "green" in this case refers to "unseasoned" as opposed to a variety of the species, but I don't know that for sure.


spalted magnolia planks


turning stock


spalted scales


turned and polished lamp shaft


bowl made from spalted magnolia


bowl --- the grain pattern is stronger than in the few samples I've seen, but that could be due to a finish or it could just be a tree with a more pronounced grain.


bowls


magnolia bowl turned and photographed by Tom Pleatman, whom I thank for this pic and other contributions to the site. Big enlargements are present.


spalted bowl


bowl made from a crotch area